Recruiting, training and retaining employees are key factors in an organization's success and longevity. Almost all organizations require one employee or a team of employees to administer employee policies and manage the hiring process, referred to as human resources or HR. HR job functions include recruiting, training, compensation, benefits and employee relations. Job description and titles can be general or specialized, depending on the size of the organization.
Human Resources Generalist
An HR professional who handles many aspects of human resources is referred to as a human resources generalist. The responsibilities of this occupation can vary depending on an employer's needs, but most generalists are required to have a broad range of human resources knowledge including management, employee relations, compensation and benefits, as well as employee development. Most employers require a bachelor's degree in human resources, as well as professional credentials such as the Professional in Human Resources certification from the Human Resources Certification Institute. In November 2010, Indeed listed an average salary of $50,000 per year for a human resources generalist.
A recruiter is a human resources professional who matches job applicants with open positions in an organization. The duties of a recruiter include posting job openings, receiving, reviewing and selecting candidates, interviewing and presenting qualified candidates to hiring managers. Most employers require a bachelor's degree in human resources, psychology or a related discipline for this occupation. In November 2010, Indeed listed an average salary of $58,000 per year for a recruiter.
Organizations that offer benefits to employees typically have a human resources representative who oversees and administers benefit programs. This HR occupation is referred to as a benefits administrator. The duties include selecting and negotiating benefit programs such as medical, dental and vision care, as well as retirement and savings plans. Benefits administrators also administer other employee benefits such as employee discounts to promote the organization's dedication to its employees, as well as employee health and wellness programs. This occupation also requires a bachelor's degree. In November 2010, Indeed reported an average salary of $45,000 per year.
Offering employees a competitive compensation package can play an important role in the retention of employees, as well as allow an organization to successfully grow and achieve its financial goals. A compensation analyst is a professional who does statistical research and creates competitive salary ranges for each job title within the organization. Most employers require a bachelor's degree in finance or human resources for this occupation. In November 2010, Indeed listed an average salary of $69,000 per year.
Training and Development Specialist
To ensure organizational growth, increase employee productivity and stay current with changing technologies, many organizations have training and development specialists to ensure employees are receiving the appropriate development to complete their jobs effectively and efficiently. Training and development specialist create training programs for employees and also procure training programs from outside sources. This occupation require a bachelor's degree in human resources and instructional design or a related discipline. Indeed listed an average salary of $62,000 per year in November 2010.