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Aeronautical engineering is the branch of aerospace engineering that involves aircraft, rather than spacecraft and satellites. The aeronautical engineer is responsible for the design and development of aircraft ranging from small private planes to supersonic fighters to giant airliners. Aeronautical engineers also help develop and supervise the production and maintenance systems for aircraft.
Acceptance into an accredited program for aerospace engineering requires a strong academic background in high school. You should take mathematics courses, including calculus. Physics is a must as well. Other useful classes include chemistry, computer science and electronics.
Becoming an aeronautical engineer starts with earning a 4 year Bachelor of Science degree in aerospace engineering from a university program accredited by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET). You’ll take courses in mathematics, computer design and physics. Advanced classes include engineering design, methodology and analysis. Engineering students also spend a lot of time in labs learning to apply the principles presented in their class work.
Education specific to aeronautical engineering takes place at the graduate school level. Students generally require 2 to 3 years to earn a master’s degree in an ABET-accredited program. Prospective aeronautical engineers specialize in a particular area such as aircraft electronics or navigation and control systems. Other specialties include aircraft propulsion and structure.
The final step in becoming an aeronautical engineer is to pass the professional engineer exam in your area of specialization within the field of aeronautical engineering. Exams are administered by the American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics. However, your education won’t stop there. Aviation is a field notable for rapid advances, so keeping up with technological change is a career-long process. Many aeronautical engineers continue their formal training by earning a PhD as a way to move into research and development or into management.
2016 Salary Information for Nuclear Engineers
Nuclear engineers earned a median annual salary of $102,220 in 2016, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. On the low end, nuclear engineers earned a 25th percentile salary of $82,770, meaning 75 percent earned more than this amount. The 75th percentile salary is $124,420, meaning 25 percent earn more. In 2016, 17,700 people were employed in the U.S. as nuclear engineers.
- aircraft image by JASON WINTER from Fotolia.com