Security patrols may be performed in vehicles, including golf carts, or on foot depending on the size of the area being patrolled. The number of security personal patrolling will also influence patrol techniques. In most cases, however, the security personnel are informed of their patrol duties beforehand and provided a time schedule for patrolling, the length of time the patrol takes and when to check in.
Review a map of the patrol area and familiarize yourself with the layout. If the security patrol is performed at night, it is advisable to run through the patrol once or twice during daylight hours to be certain of the route, terrain and other aspects of the area. Running through the patrol once or twice also helps establish a timeline for the patrol which is beneficial for groups of security personnel who must check in with each other.
Create a time schedule, if one is not provided, that includes the number of patrol rounds you or the team must make, how long the rounds take and include times for breaks and check-ins throughout the scheduled patrol detail.
Recreate the map of the area, or use the original map, and use colored pens to section off patrol routes or areas of responsibility for different members of the security team. Carefully note link-up points on the map as well as any areas that may need thorough checking which would be noted during the daylight run through of the patrol routes.
Check-in with whoever is in charge of the security patrol at the time of the scheduled detail. If you are the one in charge, have everyone check-in with you before heading to their designated spots. A communication system such as walkie-talkies may be helpful in maintaining contact.
Commence patrol rounds having everyone check-in at the start and completion of each round. During the rounds, security personnel who notice anything odd should report in immediately before investigating.