The sanitation process involves disposing of waste properly, so it does not threaten the environment or public health. There are four types of sanitation methods: filtration, landfills, recycling and ecological. Practicing proper hand washing and surface cleaning techniques are all part of best sanitation practices.
Filtration involves sterilizing water and filtering away waste products, so it is safe for use and consumption. According to the Sanitation Training website, this process involves passing water through a filter, which separates solid and liquid waste products. After adding pure oxygen and ozone, the water passes through a smaller filter. Once this process is complete, a water handler adds chlorine to the water, killing any remaining bacteria.
Carrying waste products to a landfill is another type of sanitation service. According to the Sanitation Training website, city garbage workers transport waste to a temporary holding place, or landfill. The purpose is to isolate the solid waste from residential areas to avoid spreading diseases.
Sanitation also includes recycling. Trained workers at recycling plants sort paper, plastic and other recyclables from a general conveyor belt to one specifically for each. Garbage workers sort leftover trash on the general conveyor belt into piles arranged by type. Separated recyclables are crushed and reprocessed, thereby preparing it for reuse. Separated trash goes to the landfill. The Sanitation Training website cites paper, glass, plastic, and metal as materials that are easily recyclable.
This concept involves the installation of toilets, especially in developing countries where open defecation take place. The building and maintenance of safe, clean toilets is paramount, according to the World Health Organization. In addition, ecological sanitation involves teaching proper hand washing techniques before handling food and after handling excrement. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, you should wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, or to the tune of "Happy Birthday" twice.