Another name for a justice of the peace in North Carolina is a magistrate. According to the North Carolina Magistrates Association, a justice of the peace in the state officiates over civil wedding ceremonies and other civil and criminal issues. A justice of the peace’s criminal responsibility can include issuing summonses, arrest warrants, subpoenas and search warrants. In addition, he holds bond hearings to set bail for anyone charged with a criminal offense. Civilly, a justice of the peace can determine the legality of evictions and matters in small claims court.
Live in the North Carolina county in which you wish to be a justice of the peace.
Earn a four-year degree from an institution of higher education or a two-year degree and four years of experience in a related field.
Apply to the county Clerk of Superior Court, who will forward the application to the Resident Superior Court Judge for appointment consideration.
Complete a 40-hour basic training course offered by the state's Institute of Government in civil and criminal duties after appointment.
Complete continuing-education courses on criminal, civil and juvenile law when North Carolina offers them.
Repeat the Institute of Government's basic training course for magistrates to be re-appointed.