How to Become a Patent Agent. To become a patent agent that the United States Patent and Trademark Office (PTO) officially recognizes you will need a background and education in one of the technological fields the PTO considers acceptable for patent examiners. Plan on getting a bachelor's degree, at the very least. Expect to complete additional training and certifications along the way.
Access the official website for the PTO. Go to "Resources" and search for the document "USPTO General Requirements For Taking The Patent Bar."
Review the list of degrees and related fields for all categories. Check for any alternative training suggested in that field. Choose a field to focus on and the degrees that field requires to become a patent agent.
Get a bachelor's degree in the field you've chosen. Take any alternative training classes the PTO suggests.
Apply to become a patent agent under the correct category the PTO lists in its general requirements. Provide all necessary documentation to prove your skills in that field.
Make an appointment to take the Patent Bar Exam. Call Thomson Prometric at 1-800-479-6369 for the appointment. Study for the exam by getting copies of previous exams on the PTO's official website.
Gather proof for the PTO that you are either a citizen of the United States or a legal alien. Alternatively, prove that you are a foreign applicant in good standing who served in the patent office of your native country.
Expect to show proof to the PTO that you are a patent agent applicant "in good moral standing." Demonstrate that you are not a convicted felon and that you never pled guilty to a felony.