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The U.S. pilot car certification is a driver training process controlled by the U.S. Department of Transportation, independently administered locally by each state government. The pilot car training program certifies drivers for transporting heavy and wide loads on roads and interstate highways.
The U.S. pilot car certification program introduces the history and reasoning for driver safety requirements. The program details the specific regulations governing over-size loads, including the minimum driver age, vehicle standards, driver communication and curfew. The program also details the specific safety equipment, flagging, pole heights and driving techniques used in transporting over-size loads. The training program also covers communication between the driver, utility companies and police resources, including global positioning system (GPS) route-mapping techniques.
U.S pilot car certification is typically conducted online. The pilot certification course generally costs $200. per registrant in most states (as of 2010).
The U.S. pilot car certification enables a graduate to pilot a forward vehicle to assist in navigating an over-size or wide load. The certification license must be renewed after an initial period of four years.