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The law doesn't prevent you starting a new business after bankruptcy, the Nolo legal website says. It's even possible to do this during bankruptcy. However there are practical obstacles you'll have to overcome.
If your business idea needs funding, lenders may be uninterested. Bloomberg Businessweek reports that lenders are more likely to refuse entrepreneurs who have a bankruptcy on their record; lenders who do offer credit charge higher interest rates.
Bankruptcy falls off your credit report after 10 years. You can rebuild your credit score before that time by paying your post-bankruptcy bills and debts on time, consistently. This helps in getting more credit.
There are several workarounds when you're unable to qualify for business financing:
- Start a business that doesn't require borrowed money. Personal-service businesses often cost little to launch.
- Draw up a convincing business plan and approach private investors and venture capitalists.
- Join forces with a partner who has good credit.
- Apply for start-up grants and loans offered by your local community.
If you decide you need a bank loan, be prepared to explain your bankruptcy. If you can show it was caused by a one-time event, rather than just bad financial judgment, you'll have a better shot at a loan.
In Chapter 7 bankruptcy, your debts are usually discharged after three to five months. Chapter 13 bankruptcy takes three to five years, so you may not want to wait for the discharge before starting your new business.
You'll need court approval during bankruptcy to borrow money for out-of-the-ordinary business expenses, such as buying new equipment or vehicles. In Chapter 13, all your disposable income during bankruptcy goes to your creditors. The court may refuse to approve the loan if they think it will reduce what your existing creditors get.
Another drawback, the Chen & Tran law firm notes, is that if your business takes off and your income increases, the court can require you pay creditors more.
Once you can afford to start your new business, there are several steps you should consider taking:
- If you liquidated a prior business in bankruptcy, you'll need to take out new tax identification numbers for your new company.
- Be careful about extending easy credit to customers. Your financial situation is going to be tight for a while, so you need a dependable cash flow.
- Keep good records so you can show how well you're managing the money and paying off any financing you do get. This will help when you ask for more financing.