An electrician installs, repairs and maintains assorted electrical equipment, such as wiring a house for lighting or fixing a broken refrigerator. He must ensure that appliance is installed correctly and safely. The history of the profession of electricians grew out of the public's desire for such devices.
Electronic device displays were common at world fair events and expositions in the late 1800s, when inventors often competed with one another to get their products out to the world first, according to the Top Tradespeople website. The huge demand for such devices meant that those who could quickly and efficiently design and build a device would reap the most rewards, and so the electrician profession was born.
As electricity and electrical devices such as lighting systems became mainstream at the end of the 19th century, the demand for electricians to install, repair and maintain such devices and systems increased. By the 20th century, electricians were considered staples of modern life.
Three basic areas of specialization emerged at the end of the 19th century: industrial, commercial and domestic. These fields each had a specialized disciple, according to Top Tradespeople and Trustatrader.com. Additional specialization occurred as more electrical products, such as television and cars, were created.