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Cardiac surgeons specialize in treating medical conditions that occur in the heart and corresponding blood vessels. In addition to performing surgical procedures, many cardiac surgeons also see patients for follow-up appointments.
Cardiac surgeons complete medical school and a surgical residency program before moving on to a specialized cardiac fellowship program. Continuing education and training may be needed for cardiac surgeons learning new technology and surgical techniques
Cardiac surgeons may elect to specialize in areas such as heart transplants or pediatric cardiac surgery.
Cardiac surgeons must obtain surgical certification from the American Board of Medical Specialists before they can apply for certification in the field of cardiothoracic surgery.
Cardiac surgeons often repair congenital heart conditions, replace heart valves and perform bypasses.
According to Education-Portal.com, the average annual salary for a cardiac surgeon is $200,000 dollars annually.
According to the Society of Thoracic Surgeons, the career outlook for cardiac surgeons is optimistic, particularly as the baby boomer generation continues to age.