The average income for a master’s of science degree is dependent on one of two factors. The first determinant is the average starting salaries for this degree, and the second determinant is the average industry salary for positions that require the degree. Salaries vary depending on the specific master's of science degree and the employing industry. The National Association of Colleges and Employers provides insight regarding starting salaries for some master's of science degrees -- which may be offered as a master's of arts at some schools -- and the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics provides average wage estimates for professions that require a master’s of science degree.
According to the 2012 Salary Survey by the National Association of Colleges and Employers, among business majors, those who obtained a master’s of science degree in finance had an average starting salary of $73,000 in 2012. Students who obtained a master’s degree in economics earned an average starting salary of $67,100. In addition, graduates who pursued a master’s of science degree in accounting had an average starting salary of $63,800.
In the field of technology, students who obtained a master’s of science degree in computer science earned an average starting salary of $80,400 in 2012. Mechanical engineers with a master’s of science degree earned an average starting salary of $75,700. Graduates with a master’s of science in electrical, electronics and communications engineering garnered an average starting salary of $73,000.
Among health care and sciences, NACE reported that a master’s of science degree in health sciences produced an average starting salary of $66,000. Students with a graduate degree in biological sciences and life sciences averaged $57,600 their first year. Graduates with a master’s of science degree in mathematics had an average annual salary of $48,500.
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics does not distinguish salaries by degree; in addition, it does not report starting salaries. However, the BLS lists a master’s degree as the minimum educational requirement for several positions, which provides insight regarding salaries for these degrees. According to May 2012 wage estimates, political scientists, who often earn a master of science degree, made $104,600. Among other physical, life, and social sciences, mathematicians earned $101,280, and sociologists made $80,820. In addition, hydrologists earned $78,920, epidemiologists made $71,400, and anthropologists and archaeologists earned $60,230.
BLS Health Care
Among health care professions that require a minimum of a master’s degree in science, physician assistants earned a mean annual wage of $92,460. Occupational therapists made $76,400 annually. Speech language pathologists earned $72,730, while orthotists and prosthetists made $69,960.
2016 Salary Information for Mathematicians
Mathematicians earned a median annual salary of $105,810 in 2016, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. On the low end, mathematicians earned a 25th percentile salary of $72,440, meaning 75 percent earned more than this amount. The 75th percentile salary is $129,730, meaning 25 percent earn more. In 2016, 3,100 people were employed in the U.S. as mathematicians.